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Requirements for Museum Exhibition Halls and Enhancing Visitor Comfort

The primary task in planning museum exhibition halls is to determine the number of exhibits available for visitors and the required space. Additionally, the density of the exhibition and the future activity space left for visitors should be considered. Let's delve into the requirements for museum exhibition halls and how to improve visitor comfort.

Firstly, we need to understand the acceptable distance between the exhibition venue and the activity area for visitors and whether the exhibition areas are easily distinguishable. The design of museum exhibition areas should align with the psychological needs of visitors. Especially in garden museums, visitors may have to walk for a long time from entering the museum grounds to reach the exhibition areas they intend to see, sometimes taking around 40 minutes. Within their limited energy for activities, visitors may spend more time outdoors than viewing the exhibits, leading to a loss of interest. If the exhibition halls are too dispersed, visitors may also give up on certain areas. Relatively concentrated and easily locatable exhibition halls are preferred by visitors. On the other hand, maze-like museums require significant effort to guide visitors. Therefore, museums should optimize the layout of exhibition areas to enhance visitor experiences.

Secondly, the exhibition halls must meet the safety requirements of the museum. The design should minimize the presence of steep stairs and narrow passageways. When visitors enter an unfamiliar environment, the greatest difficulty lies in navigating complex signage and convoluted staircases. Their energy should be best utilized in quietly observing artworks within the exhibition halls, rather than being occupied with finding their way around. From a visitor safety perspective, it is essential to minimize the safety hazards posed by stairs or elevators. Moreover, all security, lighting, and air conditioning equipment within the museum exhibition halls must comply with the museum's safety standards. This includes the provision of designated exits and fire evacuation routes, as stipulated by national regulations. No exhibition has the right to compromise these essential installations and signs. The electrical systems within the exhibition halls must be specialized, prioritizing safety, and also conform to the lighting specifications and professional requirements of the museum. This is not merely a technical issue but a matter concerning visitor safety. Some museums have experienced issues such as lighting system failures and light explosions, posing risks to visitors and artifacts. According to the requirements outlined in the industry standard of the People's Republic of China, JGJ66-201X "Museum Architectural Design Code," the environment of exhibition halls is especially crucial during peak visitor density. It is important to limit the number of visitors per square meter of exhibition space when it becomes difficult for visitors to move around, maintain order, and when the temperature and humidity levels increase, obstructing security personnel's line of sight.

Lastly, architects must consider professional issues in the design of museum exhibition areas. For instance, how installations during exhibition construction will be transported from outside the venue and the passages for delivering display panels and equipment. These paths should be safe and convenient, without intersecting with visitor areas. They should not cross paths with staff office areas or confuse with artifact storage areas. These passages must connect to the peripheral areas of the museum, facilitating the transport of museum showcases into the exhibition halls. Additionally, they should have dedicated elevators that do not intersect with office or artifact-use elevators. The processes of museum exhibition layout and removal should be invisible to visitors. The transportation of museum showcases also entails certain risks, especially for large installations like museum wall cabinets. The occurrence of unnecessary accidents due to intersecting visitor areas reflects an irresponsible attitude towards visitors and raises doubts about the museum's professional standards. If the architectural design lacks proper planning, it can lead to inconveniences or dangers in the implementation of museum exhibitions.

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